molecular mapping

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Molecular mapping of resistance to the Pgt race Ug99 group in spring wheat landrace PI 177906

Wheat landrace PI 177906 has seedling and field resistance to Pgt races TTKSK and TTKST. From a cross between PI 177906 and LMPG-6, 138 doubled haploid (DH) lines and 144 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) were developed and tested for seedling resistance to Pgt race TTKSK. Goodness-of-fit tests from both populations indicated that two dominant genes in PI 177906 conditioned resistance to race TTKSK. Parents and the 138 DH lines were evaluated in the field in two experiments in Kenya; one in the main season and one in the off-season. The 90K wheat iSelect SNP genotyping platform was used to genotype the parents and DH lines and data were used to construct a genetic linkage map. Two loci for seedling resistance were mapped to chromosomes 2BL and 4BL. Two major QTL for field resistance mapped to the same regions, a 14.4 cM interval on 2BL and an 8.5 cM interval on 4BL. The QTL on 2BL and 4BL explained, respectively, 31.9-32.3% and 18.2-19.1% of the variation in the off-season and 28.3-30.4% and 5.4-6.5% of the variation in the main-season. Based on the mapping results, race specificity, and the seedling infection types, the resistance gene in 2BL could be Sr28, whereas the gene on chromosome 4BL could be novel. The mapping results will be verified in the RIL population using the flanking SNP markers in KASP assays.

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USDA-ARS, Small Grains and Potato Germplasm Research Unit, USA
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Cytogenetic analysis and molecular mapping of inheritance of resistance in barley to Puccinia striiformis

Plants are generally non-hosts to most diseases. Barley is a host to Puccinia striiformis f. sp. hordei, but is a near non-host to P. striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst) and to P. striiformis f. sp. pseudohordei (Psp), which cause stripe rust on wheat and barley grass (Hordeum murinum, H. leporinum), respectively. This study was carried out to determine the inheritance of resistance in barley line 81882/BS1 using the mapping population: 81882/BS1/Biosaline-19. 81882/BS1 is a H. vulgare derivative of cv. Vada, carrying an introgression from H. bulbosum on chromosome 2HS, and Biosaline-19 is susceptible to both Pst and Psp. Phenotyping of F3 lines with Psp culture 981549 and Pst pathotype 134 E16 A+ showed that 81882/BS1 carried two genes for resistance to Psp, and three genes for resistance to Pst. Cytogenetic analysis and molecular mapping were performed to further characterize the resistance of 81882/BS1 to Psp. Joint phenotypic and cytogenetic analysis indicated that at least one of the genes for resistance to Psp was associated with the H. bulbosum introgression previously located on chromosome 2H (Zhang unpublished). Preliminary molecular mapping of 15 non-segregating resistant and 15 non-segregating susceptible lines using >10K DArTseq molecular markers located the second gene on chromosome 1H. This gene was probably contributed by Vada. Further studies are underway to confirm the locations of these two loci by fine mapping.

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The University of Sydney, Plant Breeding Institute, Australia
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